Yangon, the main economical city, and also the second capital city, is the main gateway to Myanmar. Everyone can feel green, cool and see lush tropical trees, shady parks and beautiful lakes. Yangon belong to the another name, the Garden City of the East. Yangon, the previous name is Dagon, was established by King Alaungpaya when he conquered Lower Myanmar in 1755. The name Yangon means “End of Strife” which was anglicized to Rangoon. The present day Yangon covers over 350 sq.km. and has a population of about 5 millions. Yangon is located in Lower Myanmar at the convergence of the Yangon and Bago Rivers about 30 km away from the Gulf of Martaban at 16°48′ North, 96°09′ East (16.8, 96.15). Its standard time zone is UTC/GMT +6:30 hours.
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Shwe Dagon Pagoda
The Shwedagon Pagoda, the landmark of Myanmar and also one of the amazing places in world, known in English as the Great Dagon Pagoda and the Golden Pagoda, is a 99 meters (326 ft) gilded Pagoda and stupa located in Yangon. The Pagoda located to the west of Kandawgyi Lake, on Singuttara Hill, thus dominating the skyline of the city. It is the most sacred Buddhist pagoda for the Burmese with relics of the past four Buddhas enshrined within: the staff of Buddha(Kakusandha), the water filter of Buddha (Konagamana), a piece of the robe of Buddha(Kassapa) and eight strands of hair from Buddha(Gautama), the historical Buddha. Uppatasanti Pagoda was founded in Naypyidaw, the new capital of Myanmar, is an exact replica of Shwedagon Pagoda.
The Sule Pagoda is a Burmese stupa, is located in the center of Yangon, at the junction of Sule Pagoda Road and Mahabandoola Road, occupying the centre of the city and an important space in contemporary Burmese politics, ideology and geography. Sule Pagoda highs 48 meter (152 feet). According to legend, it was built before the Shwedagon Pagoda during the time of the Buddha, making it more than 2,500 years old. Burmese legend states that the site for the Shwedagon Pagoda was asked to be revealed from an old nat who resided at the place where the Sule Pagoda now stands. Sule Pagoda is far from Shwe Dagon Pagoda about 9275 ft and from Botataung Pagoda about 5102 ft.
The Botataung Pagoda is one of the famous pagodas in Yangon, located in the riverbank of Yangon River. The first founder of this pagoda was the Mon around the same time as was Shwedagon Pagoda—according to local belief, over 2500 years ago. And the another name of Botataung Pagoda in Mon Language is Kyaik-de-att. The pagoda is hollow within, and believed that enshrined a sacred hair of Gautama Buddha there. The Botataung Pagoda was completely destroyed during World War II in 1943, and was rebuilt after the war.
Bogyoke Aung San market
Bogyoke Aung San Market( formerly Scott’s Market) is a major bazaar located in downtown area of Yangon, Myanmar. It is famous because of its colonial architecture and inner cobblestone streets. So this market became a major tourist destination, dominated by antique, Burmese handicraft and jewellery shops, art galleries, and clothing stores. Everyone can do the exchange currency in Bogyoke Market because it is a popular black market. The market also has a number of stores for local shoppers, selling medicine, foodstuffs, garments and foreign goods.
Chauk Htat Gyi Pagoda is located on Shwe Gon Taing Road, Tamwe Township, Yangon.This Pagoda similar with Ngar Htat Gyi Buddha (5-Storey-High Buddha) and Koe Htat Gyi Buddha (9-Storey-High Buddha). And Chauk Htat Gyi is the 6-Storey-High Buddha Image. The image then had a length of 195 feet (59.28m) and a height of 100 feet (30.4m) from the surface of the couch to the halo round the head with the height of the couch itself 5 feet 6 inches above the platform. The Chauk Htat Gyi Pagoda is famous because of its huge image of Reclining Buddha. This Pagoda was built in 1966 replacing the old image built in 1907 by Sir Hpo Thar.
The National Museum of Myanmar situated in Dagon township,Yangon. Everyone can see the Burmese art, history and culture of Myanmar. The five-story museum has an extensive collection of ancient artifacts, ornaments, works of art, inscriptions and historic memorabilia, related to history, culture and civilization of Burmese people. The National Museum of Myanmar was established in June 1952, at the Jubilee Hall Building on Shwedagon Pagoda Road. The museum was moved to a larger location at 24/26 Pansodan Street in 1970 and moved its present location in 1996. The new five story National Museum has been open to public since 18 September 1996.
The Chinatown of Yangon, also called Tayoke Tan, lies west of the Sule Pagoda which is located in the downtown area Yangon. It is a one stop service that visit to a variety of restaurants, gold and jewel stores, network game centers, cyber café, apparel shops and mini-markets. Most of the Chinese live in this part of the city as which forms a town of their own. Business is blooming in this area and it has become a place as a tourist attraction too. This part of the city is very crowded and did red decorations everywhere when Chinese hold the Chinese New Year.
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